Istanbul’s museums the legacy of history and a splendour of the present
Istanbul is a city of ancient history, and the most important Turkish cities for its economic and tourism assets.
In the past it was known as Constantinople and Astana where it was the capital of many countries and empires as the Roman Empire, Byzantine, Latin in addition to the Ottoman Empire.
Istanbul is famous for its museums that tourists from all over the world come to enjoy the beauty and excitement, some of it take you to enjoy the atmosphere of charming nature and some take you on a tour through history, the most famous museums in Istanbul:
The Topkapi Museum
Topkapi Palace, which is one of The most important and beautiful tourist attractions in Istanbul, and one of the largest palaces in the city of Istanbul, it was the center of the residence of the Ottoman Sultans which spanned four centuries from 1470 to 1856 over the rule of the Ottoman Empire until Sultan Abd al-Hamid II ordered to build the Dolmabahce Palace and turned it into an archaeological museum showing the holdings and treasures of the Ottoman and Islamic states.
Topkapi Palace is located in Sultanahmet area overlooking the Bosphorus Strait and the Sea of Marmara,
Built during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh in the fifteenth century, the Topkapi Museum is famous for its distinctive design as it consists of several small buildings inlaid with white marble and elegant wooden Arabesque decorations
Dolmabahçe Palace, which is considered an artistic masterpiece unique in all the world. Dolmabahçe Palace is a fascinating architectural design that combines eastern and western style of architecture
Dolmabahçe Palace is located in the city of Istanbul on the European side in the Besiktas region directly overlooking the Bosphorus Strait and is one of the most famous palaces and museums in Turkey
Dolmabahçe Palace was built on a natural harbour, whose land was stuffed in dirt, to become a special garden for the sultans, from here the name Dolmabahçe Palace came.
Dolmabahçe Palace was Built during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid I which took 13 years to build, at a cost of about 30 tons of gold. Fourteen tons of gold were used, in addition to 60 tons of silver to paint the ceilings and decorate the palace.
the Ottoman architects in the construction of the Dolmabahçe Palace displayed the most beautiful architectural arts in France, Germany and Italy that were widespread in that period in addition to the Ottoman architecture. The palace also contains the largest piece of crystal chandelier in the world
During the construction of the Dolmabahçe Palace, the architects blended the Rococo style of aristocratic depiction and sculpture with the Baroque style characterized by curved shapes and elaborate use of columns in addition to classic paintings inspired by Greek art.
Aya Sofia museum
Aya Sophia Istanbul located in The European side of Istanbul in Sultanahmet Square near Sultan Ahmed Mosque, the green garden and the fountain, in addition to its proximity to the Topkapi Palace
Aya Sophia overlooks with its majestic dome over the Bosphorus strait, lofty with its minarets that get along with the minarets of the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, which corresponds to it with its pink color, holds between its walls and inside many stories and stories
It was first established as a church in 532 by the Roman emperor Justinian, where it took 5 years to build, Aya Sofia, still one of the oldest and most famous Christian churches, in Istanbul for about 915 years,
After the conquest of Constantinople, the Ottoman Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih transformed Aya Sophia into a mosque
After the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the establishment of the Turkish state, the founder of the Turkish state, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, transformed the Hagia Sophia Mosque into a historical museum that contains Christian and Islamic decorations and artifacts, as it became one of the most beautiful tourist attractions in Istanbul and in the world.
Aya Sophia Museum has combined Islamic and Christian civilization in one place
The Islamic Museum in Istanbul
The Islamic Museum in Istanbul is one of the most beautiful museums of Istanbul, and it is the first of its kind in Turkey, where it blends Islamic history with the ancient Ottoman civilization, located in the Sultanahmet area.
The Islamic Museum was built as a palace for Prime Minister Ibrahim Pasha, then it turned into a museum that includes collections and relics of Islamic civilization, where the Islamic religion can be recognized and its most important teachings and most famous achievements of conquests and developments, in addition to many of the possessions of the Ottoman Empire and personal belongings belonging to the sultans and the Ottoman statesmen.
the Snow Museum in Istanbul is located in the European section, within the Forum Istanbul shopping centre in Bayrampasa area. The Snow Museum was opened in 2010 and the Snow Museum is considered one of the most important tourist and entertainment places in Istanbul.
The Snow Museum was established in Istanbul on an area of 1,400 square meters with a value of about 18 million dollars and it is considered the first of its kind in Turkey, its contents of statues, figures and identification panels in addition to furniture and walls made from ice by the skilled craftsmen sculptors in the sculpting field on the ice
the ice in which the museum was made, it brought about 70 tons from Sweden and 100 tons from Istanbul.
Museum of Modern Art
The Museum of Modern Art in Istanbul is one of the most important museums, it combines the past, present and future of Turkish civilization, which is reflected in the originality of Turkish art and the new technological methods.